நீட் தமிழ் 2019 Practice Test

Mock Tests
Rs. 650
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Tamil Online practice Tests

Covered Subjects & Chapters in நீட் தமிழ் Online Practice Test Pack

நீட் தமிழ்

நீட் தமிழ்- Overview

நீட் தேர்வு ( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ) என்பது பொது மருத்துவம், பல் மருத்துவம் துறையில் சேர்வதற்கு இந்திய அளவில் நடைபெறும் நுழைவுத்தேர்வு ஆகும். இந்திய மருத்துவக் குழுமம் சட்டம் - 1956 இன் 2018 திருத்தம் மற்றும் பல் மருத்துவர் சட்டம் 1948 இன் 2018 திருத்தம் ஆகியவற்றின்படி தேசிய தகுதி மற்றும் நுழைவுத் தேர்வானது அகில இந்திய அளவிலான, இந்திய அரசின் மத்திய சுகாதாரம் மற்றும் குடும்ப நலத்துறையின் கீழான, அகில இந்திய மருத்துவக் குழுமத்தால் அங்கீகரிக்கப்பட்ட மருத்துவ மற்றும் பல் மருத்துவக் கல்லூரிகளுக்கான ( அனைத்திந்திய மருத்துவ அறிவியல் கழகத்தின் கட்டுப்பாட்டில் வரும் மருத்துவக் கல்லுாரிகள் மற்றும் ஜவஹர்லால் பட்டமேற்படிப்பு மருத்துவக்கல்வி மற்றும் ஆராய்ச்சி நிறுவனம் நீங்கலாக ) சேர்க்கைக்கான தகுதியை நிர்ணயிப்பதற்காக நடுவண் இடைநிலைக் கல்வி வாரியத்தால் (CBSE) நடத்தப்பட்டு வந்தது. நடுவண் இடைநிலைக் கல்வி வாரியத்தால் நடத்தப்பட்ட இத்தேர்வு அகில இந்திய மருத்துவ நுழைவுத் தேர்விற்கு ( All India Pre Medical Test ( AIPMT ) ) மாற்றாக அறிமுகப்படுத்தப்பட்டது. 2020ஆம் ஆண்டு முதல் இந்த நுழைவுத் தேர்வானது தேசிய தேர்வு முகமை (NTA) அமைப்பு  நடத்தும் என அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது அனைத்து அரசுக் கல்லூரிகளுக்கும் தனியார் கல்லூரிகளுக்கும் பொருந்தும். தமிழ் உள்ளிட்ட 10 மொழிகளில் தேர்வு நடத்தப்படும் என்று அரசு தெரிவித்தது.

தேசிய மருத்துவ ஆணைய சட்டம் 2020 இன் கீழ், எய்ம்ஸ் மற்றும் பாண்டிச்சேரி ஜிப்மர் ஆகியனவும், மருத்துவ படிப்புக்கான மாணவர் சேர்க்கையை "நீட்" தேர்வின் மூலம் தான் மேற்கொள்ள வேண்டும் என அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

நீட் தேர்வு ( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ) என்பது பொது மருத்துவம், பல் மருத்துவம் துறைய

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நீட் தமிழ்-Important Dates

Events Dates
Application Form Release 2nd December 2019
Last Date For Submission of Application Form 31st December 2019 (Upto 11.50 pm)
Application Form Correction Starts 15th January 2020
Last Date For Correction in the Application Form 31st January 2020 (Upto 11.50 pm)
NEET (UG) Admit Card 27th March 2020
NEET 2020 Exam Date 3rd May 2020 
Display of Recorded Responses and Answer Keys 2nd week of May 2020
Result Announcement 4th June 2020
Counselling Date 2nd week of June 2020

Events Dates Application Form Release 2nd December 2019

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நீட் தமிழ்-Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria NEET 2020:


  • Indian Nationals
  • Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)
  • Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)
  • Persons with Indian Origin (PIO)
  • Foreign Nationals citizen

Eligibility for 15% All India Quota Seats:

Candidates belonging to J&K states are eligible to apply under 15% All India Quotas only on the basis of self-declaration.

Age Limit:

Candidates must have completed a minimum of 17 years of age on or before 31st December 2020. There is no upper age limit to apply.


Candidates must have completed the 12th level or equivalent examination.

Mandatory Subjects:

Students in their 12th level must have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology with English as mandatory subjects.


Candidates in the 12th level must have secured minimum 50% marks for General categories; 45% marks for PH & 40% marks for SC/ST/OBC category candidates in the PCB group.

Qualifications and Qualifying Examination Codes:

To be eligible for NEET (UG) – 2020, candidates need to refer to the following table for qualifying examination criteria.

CODE: 01

A candidate who is appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., 12th Standard in 2020, whose result is awaited, may apply and appear in the test but he/she shall not be eligible for admission to the Undergraduate Medical Courses, if he/she does not pass the qualifying examination with the required pass percentage at the time of first round of Counselling.

Candidates who have appeared or are appearing at the qualifying Examination with English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as the main subject and expect to pass the Examination with required percentage of marks are also eligible to apply and appear in the Competitive Entrance Examination. However, their candidature will be considered only if they provide documentary evidence of having passed the qualifying Examination with the required subjects and percentage of marks.

CODE: 02

The Higher/Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher/Senior Secondary Examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of such study comprising of Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Bio-technology (which shall include practical tests in these subjects) and Mathematics or any other elective subject with English at a level not less than the core course for English as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training after introduction of the 10+2+3 educational structure as recommended by the National Committee on Education.

Candidates who have passed 10+2 from Open School or as private candidates shall not be eligible to appear for the ‘National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test’. Furthermore, the study of Biology/Biotechnology as an Additional Subject at 10+2 level also shall not be permissible.*

*The candidates who have passed 10+2 level with Biology as an additional subject will also be eligible for MBBS Entrance Examination (as per Hon’ble High Court Order No. 2341/-W/DHC/WRIT/D-1/2019 dated 24/09/2019 in the Writ Petition (C) No. 6773/2019.

If the institute has to consider an examination of an Indian University or of a foreign/university to be equivalent to the 12th Class under 10+2 scheme/intermediate science examination, the candidates shall have to produce a certificate from the concerned Indian University/Association of Indian Universities to the effect that the examination passed by him/her is considered to be equivalent to the 12th class under 10+2 scheme/intermediate science examination.

*(NOTE: The proviso in italics has been a subject matter of challenge before the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi, Hon’ble High Court of Allahabad, Lucknow Bench and Hon’ble High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur. The provisions of the regulations disqualifying recognized Open School Board candidates and the candidates who have studied Biology/Biotechnology as an Additional Subject has been struck down. The Medical Council of India has preferred Special Leave Petitions before the Hon’ble Supreme Court and Appeals in the Hon’ble High Courts. Therefore, the candidature of candidates in the NEET (UG)-2020 who have passed the qualifying examinations i.e. 10+2 from National Institute of Open Schooling or State Open Schools or as private candidates from recognized State Boards; or with Biology/Biotechnology as additional subject shall be allowed but subject to the outcome of Special Leave Petitions/Appeals filed by the Medical Council of India)

CODE: 03 The Intermediate/Pre-degree Examination in Science of an Indian University/Board or other recognized examining the body with Physics, Chemistry, Biology /Biotechnology (which shall include practical test in these subjects) and also English as a compulsory subject.
CODE: 04 The Pre-professional/Pre-medical Examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English after passing either the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or an equivalent examination. The Preprofessional/Pre-medical examination shall include practical tests in these subjects and also English as a compulsory subject.
CODE: 05 The first year of the three years’ degree course of a recognized University with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology including practical tests in these subjects provided the examination is a University Examination and candidate has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology with English at a level not less than a core course.
CODE: 06 B.Sc. Examination of an Indian University provided that he/she has passed the B.Sc. Examination with not less than two of the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany, Zoology)/Biotechnology and further that he/ she has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English.
CODE: 07 Any other examination which in scope and standard (Last 02 years of 10+2 Study comprising of Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology; which shall include practical test in these subjects) is found to be equivalent to the Intermediate Science Examination of an Indian University/Board, taking Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology including practical tests in each of these subjects and English.
  • Provided also that to be eligible for NEET (UG) - 2020, the candidate must have passed in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Bio-technology at the qualifying examination as mentioned in clause (2) of Regulation 4 on Graduate Medical Education Regulations, 1997 as amended in 2018, in regulation 2 of Schedule 1, Schedule 2 & Schedule 3 of the Indian Medicine Central Council ( Minimum Standards of Education in Indian Medicine) Regulations , 1986 as amended in 2018 and in Sub-regulation (i) of Regulation 4 of the Homeopathy (Degree Courses) Regulations , 1983 as amended in 2018. In addition, they must have got a rank in the merit list of NEET (UG) - 2020 for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses.
  • In respect of the candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or Other Backward class (NCL) s, the minimum marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology taken together in qualifying examination shall be 40% marks instead of 50% marks for Unreserved and General-EWS Candidates. In respect of PwD candidates as per NMC, CCIM and BoGCCH guidelines the minimum marks in the qualifying examination in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (or Botany & Zoology)/Biotechnology taken together shall be 45% instead of 50%.
  • Provided further that the students who have received education abroad and wish to seek admission into medical colleges in India must have passed in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English with 50% marks in class 12 and their equivalency determined by Association of Indian Universities (AIU) as per regulations of the Medical Council of India and the concerned University.
  • The criteria for minimum qualifying marks to be eligible for admission to MBBS courses shall also be applicable to concerned INIs.


In all other cases, the States/Institutes who have cut-offs for eligibility other than those mentioned above may follow their own criteria.

  • If a candidate does not fall within the qualifications prescribed as per Code number 01-07, he/she should furnish complete details to determine eligibility.


  • The Pre-medical course may be conducted either at a Medical College or at a Science College.
  • Marks obtained in Mathematics are not to be considered for eligibility for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses.
  • The candidates who have studied from the Foreign/International Board should ensure that the qualifying examination passed by them are, in scope and standard, as explained in CODE: 07.

Eligibility Criteria NEET 2020: Nationality: Indian Nationals Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) Persons with Indian Origin (P

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நீட் தமிழ்-Application Form

Application Form NEET 2020:

NTA only released the online application form for NEET, at ntaneet.nic.in. Each candidate can only submit one application form and multiple forms lead to rejection of candidature. The procedure to apply online, with fee and image details are as follows:

1. Visit the official website or access the link on this page. Candidates who access the website, click on “application form” button.
2. Next, the candidates need to read all the instructions and register by entering below-mentioned details: 

  • Name
  • Father’s Name
  • Mother’s name
  • Category
  • Date of Birth
  • PwD Status
  • Nationality
  • State of Eligibility (Are You Applying for 15% All India Quota)
  • Identification Type
  • Identification Number
  • E-Mail ID
  • Mobile Number
  • Security Pin
  • Choosing Password

3. After registration, candidates get an OPT. Candidates have to first choose and answer a security question and then enter opt. Following this, candidates get an application number.

4. In the next step, the candidates have to login by entering the application number and password.

5. After login, candidates have to enter following details in NEET 2020 application form:

  • Basic details
  • Exam details
  • Communication details
  • Academic details

6. Candidates also need to upload images in the application form.

7. Lastly, the candidates have to pay the application fee and download the NEET 2020 application form confirmation page.

Image Specification NEET 2020

The candidates have to upload scanned images of class 10 passing certificate, passport size photograph, postcard size photograph, signature, and thumb impression in the below-given format.

Images Size Format
Passport Size Photograph 10 kb to 200 kb JPG / JPEG
Postcard Size Photograph 50 kb – 300 kb (4”x6”)
Signature 4kb – 30kb
Left-Hand Thumb Impression 10 kb to 50 kb
Class 10 Passing Certificate 100 kb to 400 kb


In case of any eventuality of left-hand thumb being unavailable, right-hand thumb impression may be used.

Application Status and Confirmation Page NEET 2020:

After submitting NEET 2020 form, a confirmation page is created. It is a summary of the form and contains all the details entered in the form, along with the application number. Candidates should download this save because it will be needed during counselling and final admission.

Application status is also available in the login. The candidates can check it from the dashboard. If the application status is “complete” then the form has been submitted properly. However, if the status displays “incomplete” then there is some issue in the registration form, application form, uploaded images, of a fee.

Application Form Correction NEET 2020:

  • Candidates will be able to do NEET Application Form Correction from 15 January 2020 till 31st January 2020 (Upto 11.50 pm).
  • The correction process will be done through online mode only.
  • Candidates will be notified through SMS/e-mail regarding correction in photograph or signature.
  • Candidates will also be able to correct in particular fields like – Date of Birth (D.O.B), Identification, Gender, State Code, Category, Exam Medium, Exam Center, Disability Status, Exam Qualification or Percentage, Parents’ Name, etc.

Application Form NEET 2020: NTA only released the online application form for NEET, at ntaneet.nic.in. Each candidate can only submit one application form and multiple forms lead to rejection of candidature. The procedure to apply online, with fee and image details are as

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நீட் தமிழ்-Application Fees

Fees NEET 2020:

Fee Payable by Candidate Fees
General Rs. 1500/
General-EWS/ OBC-NCL Rs. 1400/-
SC/ST/PwD/Transgender Rs. 800/-


Processing charges & Goods and Services Tax (GST) are to be paid by the candidate, as applicable.

Mode of Payment:

Candidates will be able to pay the Application Fee through online as well as offline mode.

For Online Mode:

  • Credit Card
  • Debit Card
  • Net-Banking

For Offline Mode:

  • E-Challan facility is available at State Bank of India (SBI) Branches.

Fees NEET 2020: Fee Payable by Candidate Fees General Rs. 1500/

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நீட் தமிழ்-Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern NEET 2020:

Subject Type of Question Duration Number of Questions Marks
Physics Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with four options and single correct answer/best option 02:00 p.m. to 05:00 p.m. 45 180
Chemistry 45 180
Biology (Botany & Zoology) 90 360
Total 180 720

Important Note:

  • Each question carries 04 (four) marks.
  • For each correct answer/best option, a candidate will get 04 (four) marks.
  • For each incorrect answer, 01(one) mark will be deducted from the total score.
  • To answer a question, the candidate has to find, for each question, the correct answer/ best option.
  • However, after the process of the challenge of a key, if more than one option is found to be correct then all/any one of the multiple correct/best options marked will be given four marks (+4). Any incorrect option marked will be given minus one mark (-1). Unanswered/Unattempted questions will be given no marks. In case, a question is dropped/ ignored, all candidates will be given four marks(+4) irrespective of the fact whether the question has been attempted or not attempted by the candidate.

Mode of Examination:

  • NEET (UG) – 2020 is a Pen & Paper-based test, to be answered on the specially designed machine gradable sheet using Ball Point Pen.

Duration of Test

  • The duration of the test would be three (03) hours.

Medium of the Question Papers:

i. Candidates can opt for Question Paper in any one of the following 11 languages:

  1. English
  2. Tamil
  3. Telugu
  4. Kannada
  5. Hindi
  6. Assamese
  7. Bengali
  8. Gujarati
  9. Marathi
  10. Odia
  11. Urdu

ii. Option of medium of Question Paper should be carefully chosen while filling in the Application Form. The option once chosen cannot be changed.

iii. Candidates opting for English would be provided Test Booklet in English only.

iv. Candidates opting for Hindi would be provided with a Bilingual Test Booklet in English and Hindi.

v. Candidates opting for regional languages would also be provided with a Bilingual Test Booklet in selected Regional language and English.

vi. In case of any ambiguity in translation of a question in the test, its English version shall be treated as final and the decision of NTA shall be final in this regard.

vii. Option of regional languages will be available as per the following table only.

S. No. Medium of Question Paper Examination Centres
1. English All Examination Centres
2. Hindi All Examination Centres
3. English and Assamese Examination Centres in Assam
4. English and Bengali Examination Centres in West Bengal and Tripura
5. English and Gujarati Examination Centres in Gujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
6. English and Kannada Examination Centres in Karnataka
7. English and Marathi Examination Centres in Maharashtra
8. English and Odia Examination Centres in Odisha
9. English and Tamil Examination Centres in Tamil Nadu
10. English and Telugu Examination Centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
11. English and Urdu All Examination Centres

viii. Candidates qualifying NEET (UG) – 2020 would be eligible for All India Quota and other quotas under the State Governments/Institutes, irrespective of the medium of the examination, subject to other eligibility criteria.

Exam Pattern NEET 2020: Subject Type of Question Duration

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நீட் தமிழ்-Exam Syllabus

Exam Syllabus NEET 2020:

Subject Std Topics
Physics 11th Physical World and Measurement
Laws of Motion
Work, Energy, and Power
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Properties of Bulk Matter
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
Oscillations and Waves
12th Electrostatics
Current Electricity
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic Waves
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Atoms and Nuclei
Electronic Devices
Chemistry 11th Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Structure of Atom
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Redox Reactions
s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
Some p-Block Elements
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
Environmental Chemistry
12th Solid State
Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
p-Block Elements
d and f Block Elements
Coordination Compounds
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Chemistry in Everyday Life
Biology 11th Diversity in Living World
Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
Cell Structure and Function
Plant Physiology
Human Physiology
12th Reproduction
Genetics and Evolution
Biology and Human Welfare
Biotechnology and Its Applications
Ecology and Environment

Physics Contents of Class 11th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

  • Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed, and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

UNIT IV: Work, Energy, and Power

  • Work is done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of the uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; the moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson's ratio; elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem, and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of mean free path.

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Physics Contents of Class 12th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

UNIT II: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferromagnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

UNIT VI: Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker's formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of the light- blue color of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation, and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Chemistry Contents of Class 11th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.
  • Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms, and molecules.
  • Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry, and calculations based on stoichiometry.

UNIT II: Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes, and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and long form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electrone gativity, valence.

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond.

UNIT V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of the gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

UNIT VI : Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution.
  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for a spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

UNIT VII: Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium- Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.

UNIT IX: Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses, and structure;

UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • Group I and group 2 elements:
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen, and halogens; uses.
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium.
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
  • Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
  • General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons

  • Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion, and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution-Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

Chemistry Contents of Class 12th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT II: Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.

UNIT III: Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.

UNIT V: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT VII: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).
  • Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
  • Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins- Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

UNIT XV: Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Biology Contents of Class 11th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus).
  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
  • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

UNIT V: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia Gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine systemHypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

(Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)

Biology Contents of Class 12th Syllabus:

UNIT I: Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritanceHaemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology, and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV, and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation, and biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT V: Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological ServicesCarbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks, and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental Issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

Exam Syllabus NEET 2020: Subject Std Topics

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NEET 2020 Admit Card Release Date:

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NEET 2020 Admit Card Release Date: March 27, 2020 Download Details - NEET 2020 Admit Card: The following are the steps to access NTA NEET admit card 2020. Click on the "Download NEET admit card 2020" link. (Li

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நீட் தமிழ்-Exam Centres

State/Union Territory Wise List of Examination Cities for NEET - 2020:

State/U.T City City Code
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1101
Andhra Pradesh Guntur 1201
  Kurnool 1202
  Nellore 1203
  Tirupati 1204
  Vijayawada 1205
  Visakhapatnam 1206
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar/Naharlagun 1301
Assam Dibrugarh 1401
  Guwahati 1402
  Silchar 1403
  Tezpur 1404
Bihar Gaya 1501
  Patna 1502
Chandigarh Chandigarh/Mohali/Panchkula 1601
Chhattisgarh Bhilai/Durg/Bhilai Nagar 1701
  Bilaspur 1702
  Raipur 1703
Dadra & Nagar Haveli Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1801
Daman & Diu Daman 1901
Delhi/New Delhi Delhi/New Delhi 2001
Goa Panaji/Madgaon/Margao 2101
Gujarat Ahmedabad 2201
  Anand 2202
  Bhavnagar 2203
  Gandhinagar 2204
  Godhara 2205
  Patan 2206
  Rajkot 2207
  Surat 2208
  Vadodara 2209
  Valsad 2210
Haryana Faridabad 2301
  Gurugram 2302
Himachal Pradesh Hamirpur 2401
  Shimla 2402
Jammu & Kashmir Jammu 2501
  Srinagar 2502
Jharkhand Bokaro 2601
  Jamshedpur 2602
  Ranchi 2603
Karnataka Belgaum/Belgavi 2701
  Bengaluru 2702
  Davanagere 2703
  Dharwad 2704
  Gulbarga/Kalaburgi 2705
  Hubli 2706
  Mangaluru 2707
  Mysuru 2708
  Udupi 2709
Kerala Alappuzha 2801
  Angamaly 2802
  Ernakulam 2803
  Kannur 2804
  Kasaragod 2805
  Kollam 2806
  Kottayam 2807
  Kozhikode/Calicut 2808
  Malappuram 2809
  Palakkad 2810
  Thiruvananthapuram 2811
  Thrissur 2812
Ladakh Leh 4701
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 2901
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 3001
  Gwalior 3002
  Indore 3003
  Jabalpur 3004
  Ujjain 3005
Maharashtra Ahmednagar 3101
  Akola 3102
  Amravati 3103
  Aurangabad (MH) 3104
  Beed 3105
  Buldhana 3106
  Jalgaon 3107
  Kolhapur 3108
  Latur 3109
  Mumbai 3110
  Nagpur 3111
  Nanded 3112
  Nashik 3113
  Navi Mumbai 3114
  Pune 3115
  Satara 3116
  Solapur 3117
  Thane 3118
Manipur Imphal 3201
Meghalaya Shillong 3301
Mizoram Aizawl 3401
Nagaland Dimapur 3501
  Kohima 3502
Odisha Angul 3601
  Balasore/Baleswar 3602
  Berhampur 3603
  Bhubaneshwar 3604
  Cuttack 3605
  Rourkela 3606
  Sambalpur 3607
Puducherry Puducherry 3701
Punjab Amritsar 3801
  Bathinda 3802
  Jalandhar 3803
  Ludhiana 3804
  Patiala 3805
Rajasthan Ajmer 3901
  Bikaner 3902
  Jaipur 3903
  Jodhpur 3904
  Kota 3905
  Udaipur 3906
Sikkim Gangtok 4001
Tamil Nadu Chennai 4101
  Coimbatore 4102
  Cuddalore 4103
  Kanchipuram 4104
  Karur 4105
  Madurai 4106
  Nagercoil 4107
  Namakkal 4108
  Salem 4109
  Thanjavur 4110
  Thiruvallur 4111
  Tiruchirappalli 4112
  Tirunelveli 4113
  Vellore 4114
Telangana Hyderabad 4201
  Karimnagar 4202
  Khammam 4203
  Rangareddy 4204
  Warangal 4205
Tripura Agartala 4301
Uttar Pradesh Agra 4401
  Allahabad/Prayagraj 4402
  Bareilly 4403
  Ghaziabad 4404
  Gorakhpur 4405
  Jhansi 4406
  Kanpur 4407
  Lucknow 4408
  Meerut 4409
  Noida/Greater Noida 4410
  Varanasi 4411
Uttarakhand Dehradun 4501
  Haldwani 4502
  Roorkee 4503
West Bengal 24 Pargana (North) 4601
  Asansol 4602
  Bardhaman/Burdwar 4603
  Durgapur 4604
  Hooghly 4605
  Howrah 4606
  Kharagpur 4607
  Kolkata 4608
  Siliguri 4609

State/Union Territory Wise List of Examination Cities for NEET - 2020: State/U.T

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நீட் தமிழ்-Result

Declaration of Result on NTA Website By:

04 June 2020

Last Date to Download Result:

Till August 3, 2020 (60 days from the declaration)

Check Details - NEET Result 2020:

  • Log on to the official website ntaneet.nic.in
  • Click on the “View NEET (UG)- 2020 Result” tab given on the screen.
  • On the candidate login page, enter the roll number, Date of Birth and the security pin provided on the page.
  • NEET 2020 result in the form of the scorecard will be displayed on the screen.
  • Download the result of NEET 2020 by clicking on the ‘Print’ tab and then save it.
  • Candidates are advised to save a copy of their NEET result 2020 and keep retain until the admission process concludes.

Cancellation of Result:

  • The result of NEET(UG)-2020 of the candidates who indulge in Unfairmeans Practices will be cancelled and will not be declared.
  • Similarly, the result of those candidates who appear from the Centre other than the one allotted to them, write on the Test booklet/OMR Sheet of other candidates or allow other candidates to write on their Test Booklet/OMR Sheet will be cancelled (and will not be declared).

Declaration of Result on NTA Website By: 04 June 2020 Last Date to Download Result: Till August 3, 2020 (60 days from the declaration) Check Details - NEET Result 2020: Log on to the official we

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