General Knowledge - Geography

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Question - 1

What is the difference between asteroids and comets?

1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.

2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.

3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • A 1 and 2
  • B 1 and 3
  • C only 3
  • D All of these

Question - 2

Which of the following statements is the reason for 'Seasons' on the surface of the Earth?

  • A Rotation of the Earth
  • B Revolution of the Earth around the Sun
  • C The 23.5 degree inclination of the Earth's rotation axis with respect to the plane of the ecliptic
  • D Revolution of Earth in elliptical orbit around the Sun

Question - 3

A person stood alone in a desert on a dark night and wanted to reach his village, which was situated 5km East of the point where he was standing. He had no instruments to find the direction, but he located the polestar. The most convenient way now to reach his village is to walk in the 

  • A direction facing the polestar
  • B direction opposite to the polestar
  • C direction keeping the polestar to his left
  • D direction keeping the polestar to his right

Question - 4

Sun emits energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation. The following help in the generation of solar energy. Arrange them in the right sequence beginning from the starting of the cycle.

1. Hydrogen is converted to helium at very high temperatures and pressures.

2. The energy finds its way to Sun's surface.

3. A vast quantity of energy is generated by nuclear fusion.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

  • A 1, 2, 3
  • B 2, 3, 1
  • C 3, 2, 1
  • D 1, 3, 2

Question - 5

The greatest seasonal contrast of insolation on the Earth is, in which of the following latitudinal zones?

  • A Equatorial
  • B Tropical
  • C Temperate
  • D Polar

Question - 6

Which of the following is/are cited by the scientists as evidence/evidences for the continued expansion of universe?

1. Detection of microwaves in space.

2. observation of red shift phenomenon in space

3. Movement of asteroids in space.

4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

  • A 1 and 2
  • B Only 2
  • C 1, 3 and 4
  • D None of these

Question - 7

When the winds blow from all sides to the centre low in an anti-clockwise direction, then this phenomenon is known as 

  • A anti-tropical cyclones of Southern hemisphere
  • B temperate cyclones of Northern hemisphere
  • C tropical cyclones of Northern hemisphere
  • D tropical cyclones of Southern hemisphere

Question - 8

Nearly 30% of the solar radiations return back to the space without contributing anything to Earth's surface temperature. This amount of radiation is known as 

  • A black body
  • B tropopause
  • C Earth's albedo
  • D mesopause

Question - 9

We always see the same face of the Moon, because

  • A it is smaller than the Earth
  • B it revolves on its axis in a direction opposite to that of the Earth
  • C it takes equal time for revolution around the Earth and rotation on its own axis
  • D it rotates at the same speed as the Earth around the Sun 

Question - 10

Consider the following statements 

1. The Earth receives the Sun's energy at the infrared end of the spectrum.

2. The Earth re-radiates the Sun's heat as ultraviolet energy.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • A Only 1
  • B Only 2
  • C Both 1 and 2
  • D Neither 1 nor 2