### Logical Reasoning - Deriving Conclusions From Passages

#### Question - 1

India needs higher investment in the port sector and still lags far behind the international ports in container traffic, though there has been considerable growth in this segment over the past few years. There is a need to continually benchmark Indian ports against the best ports worldwide and continue to engage in policy efforts so to attain prices per container of port services which are the lowest in the world. The average turn-around time for ships docking at most of the ports in India has been falling for the past three years. However, pre-berthing time has been marginally increasing over the years.

The best port in the world is located in the United States of America.

• A if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly from the facts given in the passage;
• B if the inference is 'probably true' through not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given;
• E if you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 2

India needs higher investment in the port sector and still lags far behind the international ports in container traffic, though there has been considerable growth in this segment over the past few years. There is a need to continually benchmark Indian ports against the best ports worldwide and continue to engage in policy efforts so to attain prices per container of port services which are the lowest in the world. The average turn-around time for ships docking at most of the ports in India has been falling for the past three years. However, pre-berthing time has been marginally increasing over the years.

Indian ports have not been graded so far on the international standard.

• A if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly from the facts given in the passage;
• B if the inference is 'probably true' through not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given;
• E if you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 3

India needs higher investment in the port sector and still lags far behind the international ports in container traffic, though there has been considerable growth in this segment over the past few years. There is a need to continually benchmark Indian ports against the best ports worldwide and continue to engage in policy efforts so to attain prices per container of port services which are the lowest in the world. The average turn-around time for ships docking at most of the ports in India has been falling for the past three years. However, pre-berthing time has been marginally increasing over the years.

Indian ports need considerable development to match with the best ports in the world.

• A if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly from the facts given in the passage;
• B if the inference is 'probably true' through not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; andif you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts;
• E If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given;

#### Question - 4

India needs higher investment in the port sector and still lags far behind the international ports in container traffic, though there has been considerable growth in this segment over the past few years. There is a need to continually benchmark Indian ports against the best ports worldwide and continue to engage in policy efforts so to attain prices per container of port services which are the lowest in the world. The average turn-around time for ships docking at most of the ports in India has been falling for the past three years. However, pre-berthing time has been marginally increasing over the years.

Pre-berthing time is gradually decreasing over the years.

• A if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly from the facts given in the passage;
• B if the inference is 'probably true' through not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; andif you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts;
• E if you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts;

#### Question - 5

India needs higher investment in the port sector and still lags far behind the international ports in container traffic, though there has been considerable growth in this segment over the past few years. There is a need to continually benchmark Indian ports against the best ports worldwide and continue to engage in policy efforts so to attain prices per container of port services which are the lowest in the world. The average turn-around time for ships docking at most of the ports in India has been falling for the past three years. However, pre-berthing time has been marginally increasing over the years.

Indian ports offer the lowest price per container as service charges.

• A if the inference is 'definitely true' i.e., it directly from the facts given in the passage;
• B if the inference is 'probably true' through not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D If you think the inference is 'probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; and if you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts;
• E if you think the inference is 'definitely' false i.e., it contradicts the given facts;

#### Question - 6

Despite the vast untapped export potential, the funding of sericulture development in the country has been found to be a very major stumbling block. Therefore, it is necessary that a scheme for providing free flow of credit to all those who are engaged in sericulture including silk weaving may be drawn up.Further, taking into account the emerging trends to the Indian silk industry from global players like Korea and China, and also the serious challenges posed by the ongoing changes in the multi-fibre agreement and complete integration with GATT, it is necessary to formulate a new national silk policy. Another working group has to be constituted to evolve a long term import and export policy.

The formulation and implementation of long term import and export policy will only help Indian silk industry.

• A if you think the inference is 'definitely true';
• B if you think the inference is 'probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if the data given is inadequate i.e.,from the fact given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D if you think the inference is ''probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given;and
• E if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e.,it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 7

Despite the vast untapped export potential, the funding of sericulture development in the country has been found to be a very major stumbling block. Therefore, it is necessary that a scheme for providing free flow of credit to all those who are engaged in sericulture including silk weaving may be drawn up.Further, taking into account the emerging trends to the Indian silk industry from global players like Korea and China, and also the serious challenges posed by the ongoing changes in the multi-fibre agreement and complete integration with GATT, it is necessary to formulate a new national silk policy. Another working group has to be constituted to evolve a long term import and export policy.

Extending free flow of credit may help Indian silk industry in some way.

• A if you think the inference is 'definitely true';
• B if you think the inference is 'probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if the data given is inadequate i.e., from the fact given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D if you think the inference is ''probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; and
• E if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 8

Despite the vast untapped export potential, the funding of sericulture development in the country has been found to be a very major stumbling block. Therefore, it is necessary that a scheme for providing free flow of credit to all those who are engaged in sericulture including silk weaving may be drawn up.Further, taking into account the emerging trends to the Indian silk industry from global players like Korea and China, and also the serious challenges posed by the ongoing changes in the multi-fibre agreement and complete integration with GATT, it is necessary to formulate a new national silk policy. Another working group has to be constituted to evolve a long term import and export policy.

Silk industries in China and Korea are totally supported by respective government.

• A if you think the inference is 'definitely true';
• B if you think the inference is 'probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if the data given is inadequate i.e., from the fact given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D if you think the inference is ''probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; and
• E if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 9

Despite the vast untapped export potential, the funding of sericulture development in the country has been found to be a very major stumbling block. Therefore, it is necessary that a scheme for providing free flow of credit to all those who are engaged in sericulture including silk weaving may be drawn up.Further, taking into account the emerging trends to the Indian silk industry from global players like Korea and China, and also the serious challenges posed by the ongoing changes in the multi-fibre agreement and complete integration with GATT, it is necessary to formulate a new national silk policy. Another working group has to be constituted to evolve a long term import and export policy.

Indian silk industry had been facing very tough challenge from China and Korea.

• A if you think the inference is 'definitely true';
• B if you think the inference is 'probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if the data given is inadequate i.e., from the fact given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D if you think the inference is ''probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; and
• E if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

#### Question - 10

Despite the vast untapped export potential, the funding of sericulture development in the country has been found to be a very major stumbling block. Therefore, it is necessary that a scheme for providing free flow of credit to all those who are engaged in sericulture including silk weaving may be drawn up.Further, taking into account the emerging trends to the Indian silk industry from global players like Korea and China, and also the serious challenges posed by the ongoing changes in the multi-fibre agreement and complete integration with GATT, it is necessary to formulate a new national silk policy. Another working group has to be constituted to evolve a long term import and export policy.

So far there has been no National Silk Policy in India.

• A if you think the inference is 'definitely true';
• B if you think the inference is 'probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given;
• C if the data given is inadequate i.e., from the fact given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false;
• D if you think the inference is ''probably false' though not definitely false in the light of the facts given; and
• E if the inference is 'definitely false' i.e., it contradicts the given facts.