NEET Biology - New - Excretory Products and Their Elimination

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Question - 1

Match the items given in Column I with those in Column II and select the correct option given below:

Column I
(Function)
Column II
(Part of Excretory system)
A. Ultrafiltration (i) Henle's loop
B. Concentration of urine (ii) Ureter
C. Transport of urine (iii) Urinary bladder
D. Storage of urine (iv) Malpighian corpuscle
  (v) Proximal Convoluted tubule
  • A A B C D (v) (iv) (i) (ii)
  • B A B C D (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
  • C A B C D (iv) (v) (ii) (iii)
  • D A B C D (v) (iv) (i) (iii)

Question - 2

Which of the following statements is correct?

  • A The ascending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water
  • B The descending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water
  • C The ascending limb of loop of Henle is permeable to water.
  • D The descending limb of loop of Henle is permeable to electrolytes

Question - 3

The part of nephron involved in active reabsorption of sodium is :

  • A Distal convoluted tubule
  • B Proximal convoluted tubule
  • C Bowman's capsule
  • D Descending limb of Henle's loop

Question - 4

Which one of the following characteristics is common to both humans and adult frogs?

  • A Nucleated RBCs
  • B Ureotelic mode of excretion
  • C Four chambered heart
  • D Internal fertilization

Question - 5

Which one of the following is not a part of a renal pyramid?

  • A Peritubular capillaries
  • B Convoluted tubules
  • C Collecting ducts
  • D Loop of Henle

Question - 6

Which one of the following statements in more dilute urine which one of the following statements in regard to the excretion by the human kidneys is correct?

  • A Nearly 99% of the glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed by the renal tubules
  • B Ascending limb of the loop of Henle is impermeable to electrolytes.
  • C Descending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water
  • D Distal convoluted tubule is incapable of reabsorbing HCO3

Question - 7

Match the items given in Column I with those in column II and select the correct option given below:

Column I Column II
A. Glycosuria (i) Accumulation of uric acid in joints
B. Gout (ii) Mass of crystallised salts within the kidney
C. Renal calculi (iii)Inflammation in glomeruli
D. Glomerular nephritis (iv)Presence of glucose in urine
  • A A B C D (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
  • B A B C D (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
  • C A B C D (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
  • D A B C D (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

Question - 8

A decrease in blood pressure/volume will not cause the release of:

  • A Renin
  • B Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • C Aldosterone
  • D ADH

Question - 9

Which of the following is the most toxic excretory product?

  • A CO2
  • B Ammonia
  • C Urea
  • D Amino acids

Question - 10

Which of the following groups contains uricotelic animals only?

  • A Reptiles, birds, land snails, insects
  • B Reptiles, birds, land snails, aquatic insects
  • C Amphibians, birds, land snails, insects
  • D Amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects