NEET Biology - New - The Living World

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Question - 1

Nomenclature is governed by certain universal rules. Which of the following is contrary to the rules of nomenclature?

  • A The first word in a biological name represents the genus name and the second is a specific epithet.
  • B The names are written in Latin and are italicized.
  • C When written by hand, the names are to be underlined.
  • D Biologicalnames can be written in any language.

Question - 2

Which one is exclusive characteristic of living beings?

  • A Increase in mass from inside
  • B Increase in mass both from outside and inside
  • C Perception of events happening in environment and their memory
  • D Isolated metabolic reactions occuring in vitro.

Question - 3

The living organisms can be unexceptionally distinguished from the non-living things on the basis of their ability for

  • A Responsiveness to touch
  • B Interaction with the environment and progressive evolution
  • C Reproduction
  • D Growth and movement

Question - 4

Which among the following is INCORRECT with respect to the universal rules of biological nomenclature?

  • A The first word in a biological name represents the genus while the second name denotes the species
  • B The specific epithet starts with a capital letter while the generic epithet starts with a small letter. It can be illustrated with the example of mangifera indica
  • C Biological names are either derived from Latin language or Latinised.
  • D Both the words in a biological name, when handwritten are separately underlined or printed in italics to indicate their Latin origin.

Question - 5

Match the items given in column I with those in column II and select the correct option given below:

Column I Column II
A.Herbarium (i) It is a place having a collection of preserved plants and animals.
B. Key (ii) A list that enumerates methodically all the species found in an area with brief description.
C. Museum (iii) Is a place where dried and pressed plants specimens mounted on sheets are kept
D.Catalogue (iv) A booklet containing a list of characters and their alternates which are helpful in identification of various taxa.
  • A A B C D (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)
  • B A B C D (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
  • C A B C D (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
  • D A B C D (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

Question - 6

Which one of the following is not a correct statement?

  • A A museum has collection of photographs of plants and animals.
  • B Botanical gardens have collection of living plants for reference.
  • C Herbarium has dried, pressed and preserved plant specimens.
  • D Key is taxonomic aid for identification of specimens.

Question - 7

Which one of the following organisms is scientifically correctly named, correctly printed according to the International Rules of Nomenclature and correctly described?

  • A Musca domestica - The common house lizard, a reptile
  • B Plasmodium falciparum - A protozoan pathogen causing the most serious type of malaria.
  • C Felis tigris - The Indian tiger, well protected in Gir forests
  • D E.coli - Full name Entamoeba coli a commonly occuring bacterium in human intestine.

Question - 8

Which one of the following animals is correctly matched with its particular taxonomic category?

  • A Tiger - tigris, species
  • B Cuttlefish - Mollusca, class
  • C Humans - primate, family
  • D Housefly - Musca, order

Question - 9

Which is less general in characters as compared to genus?

  • A Family
  • B Class
  • C Division
  • D Species

Question - 10

Which two of the below given points are known as the twin characteristics of growth?
(i) Increase in mass
(ii) Increase in number of individuals
(iii) Cellular organisation
(iv) Cellular differentiation

  • A (i) and (ii)
  • B (i) and (iii)
  • C (ii) and (iii)
  • D (iii) and (iv)